Affiliated member of the WPA – World Psychiatric Association

Abstract Stams, Geert-Jan; Maguire, Alex; Compton-Dickinson, Stella

Hate, causes, consequences and cures:
The role of Music Therapy in creating harmony where there is discord and violence.

The Panel will provide perspectives on restorative justice, social, cultural and psychological aspects and current music science research with forensic psychiatric patients who have committed offences. Dr Compton Dickinson will consider two controversial offences that changed mental health treatment in the UK, describing the research and development and role of cognitive analytic music therapy in multi-disciplinary treatment.

Alex Maguire will describe clinical work using rap, lyrics and music to help patients with serious mental illness and personality disorder to re-avow their feelings, providing further understanding of how internal and relational changes promote the rehabilitation of offender patients.Discussion and debate will be invited on how we can develop the uses of music to make a sustainable difference in treating people of all ages who have suffered with hate and perpetrated violent acts. The panel will encourage open dialogue and debate on how we may all may develop resources and strengthen resilience within their own communities towards promoting peace and the amelioration of aggression


  • Compton Dickinson, S. J. and Souflas, P., 2011. Rapping round the system: a young black man’s journey through high secure treatment. In: S. Hadley and G. Yancy. Therapeutic uses of rap and hip hop. New York: Routledge. pp.353–73Compton Dickinson, S. J., 2015. A feasibility trial of group cognitive analytic music therapy in secure hospital settings. Ph. D. Anglia Ruskin University. Available at: <> [Accessed 04.11.2015].
  • Compton Dickinson, S.J. and Hakvooert, L., (2017) The Clinician’s Guide to Forensic Music Therapy: Two treatment Manuals. Jessica Kingsley Publishers, London.
  • De Witte, M. J., Spruit, A., van Hooren, S., Moonen, X. M. H., & Stams, G. J. J. M. (in press). Effects of Music Interventions on Stress-Related Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Two Meta-Analyses. Health Psychology Review.
  • Hate: causes, consequences and cures; the proceedings of the 4th Annual Tutu International Peace Summit, Regents University, London 14th April 2019
  • Kellett, S., Hall, J., Compton Dickinson, S.J.  2018). Group cognitive analytic music therapy: a quasi-experimental feasibility study conducted in a high secure hospital
  • Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, December 2018, Taylor & Francis
  • DOI: 10.1080/08098131.2018.1529697
  • Maguire, A: Treat me nice: Music Therapy and extreme violence pp. 165-179 In Adlam, A.Kluttig, T and Lee, B.X.  Violent States and creative States: Human violence and creative humanity. Je London & New York Jessica Kingsley Publishers
  • Maguire, A. & Merrick, I (2013)’walking the line: Music Therapy in the context of the recovery Approach. pp104-121. Compton Dickinson, S.J., Odell-Miller, H. and Adlam, J., Eds. 2013. Forensic music therapy: a treatment for men and women in secure hospital settings. London: Jessica Kingsley Publication
  • Margison, F., Barkham, M., Evans, C., McGrath, C. (2008) Measurement and psychotherapy: Evidence-based practice and practice-based evidence. British Journal of psychiatry Aug; 177:123-30DOI: Published online by Cambridge University Press: 02 January 2018
  • Stams, G.J.J.M., Dekovic, M., Brugman, D., Rutten, E.A., Van den Wittenboer, G.L.H., Tavecchio, L.W.C., Hendriks, J., & Van Schijndel, M. (2008). The relation of punishment- and victim-based moral orientation to prosocial, externalizing, and norm trespassing behavior in delinquent and non-delinquent adolescents: A validation study of the Moral Orientation Measure. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 4, 41-60
  • Van Alphen R, Stams G.J.J.M. and Hakvoort L (2019) Musical Attention Control Training for Psychotic Psychiatric Patients: An Experimental Pilot Study in a Forensic Psychiatric Hospital. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 13:570.
  • Van Langen, M.A.M., Wissink, I.B., Van Vugt, E.S., Van der Stouwe, T., & Stams, G.J.J.M. (2014). The relation between empathy and offending: A meta-analysis. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19, 179-189.

Stella Compton-Dickinson held the NHS posts of Clinical Research Lead and Head of Arts Therapies from 2001-2013. She is the author of two books on forensic music therapy (Jessica Kingsley Publishers). She is an honorary mental health advisor to the Tutu Foundation UK. Stella has followed a unique career path as a classical and session musician (Royal Academy of Music), Music therapist (Guildhall School of Music) then gaining psychotherapy accreditation at Guys and St Thomas’ Hospitals.   She then continued her studies in forensic mental health science and  healthcare economics at King’s College London,The institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience finally at Anglia Ruskin University Cambridge, who awarded her the Ruskin Medal 2016 for the most impactful doctoral Project. Her CD Love’s lore: 16 Folk Melodies for Oboe, harp and strings received a four star review in the Independent.

Alex Maguire is Senior Music Therapist at Broadmoor high security hospital in the UK specialising in working with high dependency and intensive care patients. He has contributed chapters to several books including ‘Forensic Music Therapy’ (Jessica Kingsley Publishers 2013), ‘Forensic Arts Therapies –Anthology of Practice & Research’, (Free Association Press 2016), ‘Working Across Modalities in the Arts Therapies: Creative Collaborations’ (Routledge 2017) and  ‘Violent States and Creative States; from the Global to the Individual’ (Jessica Kingsley Publishers 2018).  He co-founded Broadmoor Hospital choir for staff and patients- commended in the Arts and Health Awards, and performs widely at hospital functions, as well as providing a Christmas visiting service to the intensive care wards. Alex continues to record, perform and broadcast in jazz and improvised music contexts across Europe, the Americas and the Far East. Alex and Stella are collaborating in evaluating practise –based evidence (Margison 2008) on how emotional recognition manifests and develops in psychopathic patients.


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